There are six overlapping phases.
Ideas for helping at home with phonics and reading
Be a role model. Read to and with your child often. Let them see you reading too! Talk about what you are reading. Join a library. Draw attention to print wherever you are/wherever you go.
There is a well established link between reading and being able to hear rhythm and rhyme.
Sing nursery rhymes, action rhymes, jingles and favourite songs from TV programmes
Make up silly rhymes.. I like rice, it’s very nice. I like jelly, in my welly. I like cheese on my knees.
Make up alliterative names for everyone... hairy Harry, thirsty Theo, lovely Lotte, moaning mum!
Keep a CD in the car for singing along to.
Keep a Listening Diary and note down all the sounds you hear over a week-end. Which sounds did you hear again and again and which only once?
Have a box of instruments and noisy things to rattle, shake and beat.
Encourage children to add sound effects to stories with their voices eg zoooom, pop, bang, sssss. This really helps to make them aware of all the different contrasting sounds they can make with their mouths.
Play I spy to get them interested in the sounds at the start of words. Do this out shopping, in the car or walking to school. You can also play “I spy something that rhymes with...”
Play spot the odd one out.... eg cat, cuddles, elephant, cobweb.
Play “my mum went to the shops and bought.. a sandwich, a sock, a Satsuma, a sausage roll..” to help develop the memory.. essential for remembering sounds as blending a word for reading.
Make a sound collection scrapbook – write every letter of alphabet in scrapbook. Then stick in photos of people you know, tv characters, favourite food labels eg R for Ready Break.
Buy some magnetic letters for the fridge and foam letters for the bath. Make words using the letters your child is learning and help them to sound them out and read them.
Play snap with the letter cards we have sent home, making the sound as you turn over the letter.
Play letter skittles – attach letters to some plastic bottles. Roll a ball. Think of a word beginning with the sound of the letter you’ve knocked over.
Use playdough or pipecleaners to make letter shapes. Get your child to close his/her eyes – can s/he guess the letter.
Write a letter on your child’s back – can they guess it? Can they write a letter that they are learning on your back for you to guess?
Create interest in words and sounds wherever you go and most of all – have fun!